Prostate Cancer

Shawn Blick, MD

Penile Implant Surgeon & Men's Health Specialist located in Phoenix, AZ

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects men, second only to skin cancer. In fact, every year, approximately 174,650 American men receive a prostate cancer diagnosis. At his Phoenix, Arizona-based practice, Dr. Shawn Blick, a men’s health expert, specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. If you’re concerned about your risk of prostate cancer, make an appointment today by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool.

Prostate Cancer Q & A

What is prostate cancer?

Cancer is an umbrella term used to describe a group of diseases that cause the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in your body. Prostate cancer is cancer that only affects men. It occurs in the prostate, a walnut-shaped gland that produces seminal fluid. 

Prostate cancer usually grows slowly. However, it can spread to other parts of your body. When detected early on, it’s possible to treat and even cure prostate cancer. 

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

In its early stages, prostate cancer doesn’t always present obvious symptoms. However, as the condition progresses, telltale signs include:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in your urine stream
  • Blood in semen
  • Bone pain

Who is at risk of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer affects men of all ages and races, but there are certain factors that may increase your risk, including:

  • Being middle-aged or older
  • Family history of prostate cancer
  • African American

Living a sedentary lifestyle may also increase your risk of prostate cancer. To counter inactivity, Dr. Blick recommends exercising regularly. Even if you aren’t an athlete, something simple like walking the dog or going for a jog around the neighborhood can elevate your heart rate and support a healthy immune system.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

To diagnose prostate cancer, Dr. Blick offers two types of screening tests: digital rectal exams (DRE) and prostate-specific antigen(PSA) tests.

During a DRE, Dr. Blick carefully inserts a gloved finger into your rectum to physically examine your prostate. If Dr. Blick finds any abnormalities in the shape, size, or texture of your prostate, he might recommend further testing. 

PSA is a blood test that Dr. Blick performs in order to screen for prostate cancer.  PSA is an enzyme produced by your prostate; Elevated PSA levels indicate a higher risk of prostate cancer, however, it can also be caused by an enlarged prostate, prostate infection or inflammation.

Do I have prostate cancer if I have elevated PSA? 

No. Having elevated PSA levels doesn’t necessarily mean you have prostate cancer, but it can alert Dr. Blick to other potential problems. 

How is prostate cancer treated?

Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the severity of your condition. If you’re diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer, immediate treatment isn’t always necessary. Dr. Blick might recommend active surveillance and follow up blood tests.

If your cancer grows or starts spreading, surgical removal of your prostate might be necessary. Other treatment options include radiation and hormone therapy. Dr. Blick has more than 20 years of medical training in oncology, and his knowledge and expertise allow him to provide the highest quality care. 

Don’t wait to initiate a prostate cancer screening. The American Urologic Association recommends prostate cancer screening in men aged 55-70 if they do not have any risk factors. Make an appointment with Dr. Shawn Blick today by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool.