STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is caused by damage or weakening of the urinary sphincter. This may happen during coughing, heavy lifting, laughing, or sneezing. Surgical removal of the prostate gland (prostatectomy) is the most common cause of stress urinary incontinence.
Urge incontinence is the loss of bladder control due to an overactive bladder. It is characterized by having an urgent desire or need to pass urine. The cause is often unknown but risk factors include many diet and lifestyle choices. Obesity, caffeine intake, diabetes and chronic constipation are often related to urge incontinence. Other common causes may include damage to nerves, bladder, or pelvic floor muscles.
Mixed incontinence is present when a man suffers from both urge incontinence and stress incontinence, sharing symptoms of both types. Causes stem from same sources as both Urge Incontinence and Stress Urinary Incontinence.
Bladder leakage in men can occur at any age and is typically caused by a damaged sphincter muscle or improperly functioning bladder. Urinary tract infections or possible medications may cause short-term bladder leakage. Longer term bladder leakage may be due to the damage of the sphincter muscle or the nerves that control it. This may be caused by surgery for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (e.g. TURP) or Prostate Cancer (e.g. Robotic Prostatectomy). Although less common, radiation treatments for prostate cancer can cause long term male incontinence as well.
Stress Urinary Incontinence is a very treatable problem. With an evaluation of your bladder leakage symptoms, your physician may recommend changes to your daily routine, based on a complete evaluation of your bladder leakage symptoms. Your doctor may also suggest pelvic floor exercises (also known as Kegel Exercises). Sometimes, modification of fluid intake and establishing a voiding schedule can assist in bladder training. Other treatments include using special devices to prevent urine leakage, the use of protective undergarments with absorbent pads or surgical solutions. If bladder leakage continues to affect your lifestyle, you can speak to Dr. Blick about bladder-restoration control options.